Saturday, 28 January 2012

TOP 10 HISTORICAL PLACES IN THE WORLD | BEST HISTORICAL PLACES IN THE WORLD 2012

Hi Readers!
 This is credible to inform to all of you that now we are going to presents most excited article for those who like to visit whole world at a glance.Here we show you 'Top 10 Historical Places' which is most Popular and most visited Places and also gives our knowledge about our old traditional culture. Someone likes to visit world but some of less knowledge about that places they loss that places.
 Here we presents Top 10 Historical Places these are as follows:

10th  Top Historical Place - 'Taj Mahal'

10 .Taj Mahal
Significance: Seventh Wonders of the World 
Location : Agra, India
Architect : Ustad Ahmad Lahauri
Visitation : More than 3 million per year
Year of Construction :1631- 1653
Spread Area : 42 acres
Built By: Mughal Emperor 'Shah Jahan'

Taj Mahal also known as 'Symbol of Love' .This is most popular historical place in world , its history is so in-trusted . Taj Maahal  built by Mughal Emperor 'Shah Jahan'  in around 22 years for his wife Mumtaz Mahal (Arjumand Bano Begum). For Building Taj Mahal around 20.000 workers labored and 32 crore rupees were spent during the construction of the monument and it was built according to Islamic architecture.
It is dedicated for Mumtaz Mahal.It is one of the  UNESCO  world heritage site.


9th  Top Historical Place - 'Alhambra – Spain'

9. Alhambra – Spain
Location:Granada, Andalusia, Spain
Architect : Unknown
Year of Construction :1338-1390
Visitation : 3 million per year
Spread Area : 142,000 square metres (1,530,000 sq ft)
Date of Inscription: 1984

Cost: General ticket €12; concessions €6-€9; under 12s free; Gardens €6
Time:15 Mar-14 Oct: daily 8.30am-8pm; Fri & Sat 10pm-11.30pm; 15 Oct-14 Mar: daily 8.30am-6pm; Fri & Sat 8pm-9.30pm

The Alhambra, its name comes from an Arabic root which means "Red or Crimson castle".
There is no reference to the Alhambra as being a residence of kings until the 13th century, even though the fortress had existed since the 9th century. The first kings of Granada, the Zirites, had their castles and palaces on the hill of the Albaicin, and nothing remains of them. The Nasrites were probably the emirs who built the Alhambra, starting in 1238.
The Alhambra became an UNESCO World Heritages site in 1984. 


8th  Top Historical Place - 'Easter Island'

8. Easter Island
Location: Located out in the Pacific Ocean
Architect : Early Rapanui people
Year of Construction : Estimates ranging from several hundred to more than 100 years ago
Spread Area : 163.6 km square

Easter Island is one of the island in the word which have his own unique identity. Its name Easter Island is given by first recorded European visitor, the Dutch explorer 'Jacob Roggeveen'.It is a  a special territory of Chile.Archaeological evidence, however, indicates discovery of the island by Polynesians at about 400 AD - led, according to legend, by Hotu Matua.

 A special territory of Chile that was happening in 1888, Easter Island is most famous for its 887 extant monumental statues, called 'moai', created by the early 'Rapanui people'. It is a World Heritage Site (as determined by UNESCO) with much of the island protected within Rapa Nui National Park.


7th  Top Historical Place - 'The Parthenon'

7. The Parthenon
Location : Athens, Greece
Year of Construction : 488 - 480 B.C.E
Spread Area :102.9 ft. x 252 ft. (31.39 m x 76.82 m)


The Temple was opened to the public the moment it was finished, and was formally dedicated to the Goddess during the Panathenaic Games of 438 B.C.E.
The Classical Parthenon seems to have been damaged by fire but the exact date of the fire and subsequent repairs is debated, with suggestions ranging from 488 to 480 B.C.E. (during the invasion of the Herulians). it repairs included the exact reconstruction of the colonnade of the eastern cella, a new statue base and repairs to the capitals on the columns of the western porch.The Parthenon was converted to a Christian church ca. 600 C.E., and in 1687 a small mosque was built in the cella.



6th  Top Historical Place - 'Colosseum/Forum-Rome'

6. Colosseum Rome

Significance: Sixth Wonders of the World 
Location : City of Rome, Italy
Visitation : More than 3 million per year
Year of Construction : 70–80 AD
Spread Area :188m by 156m and reaching a height of more than 48 meter (159 ft)
Built By: Vespasian, Titus

Colosseum Rome is a symbol of best one of the greatest works of Roman architecture and Roman engineering. It is presents in center of the Rome city which is in Italy ,the largest ever built in the Roman Empire.This great arena could seat 55,000 spectators and was the largest Roman amphitheater in the world.
Between warriors in the stadium for the bloody battles that lasted for mere entertainment. Warriors also had to fight animals. Gladiators used to fight tigers. It is estimated that approximately 5 million animals in these performances of the stadium and 10 million people were killed.


5th  Top Historical Place - 'Petra – Jordan'

5. Petra

Significance:Second Wonders of the World 
Location : Ma'an Governorate, Jordan
Spread Area : 810 m (2,657 ft)
Year of Construction : 7000BC–1200BC
Visitation : 580,000 (in 2007)
Governor :Petra Region Authority

Petra is a very old city which is in the Jordanian governorate of Ma'an that is famous for its rock cut architecture and water conduits system.Petra has been a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1985.Petra is known as the most famous and gorgeous location in Jordan located about 262 km south of Amman and 133 km north of Aqaba. This is an awe-inspiring experience. A massive façade, 30m wide and 43m high, carved out of the sheer, dusky pink rock-face and dwarfing everything around it.
It is one of the seven world wonders.


4th  Top Historical Place - 'Angkor Wat'

4. Angkor Wat

Proper name: Prasat Angkor Wat
Country: Cambodia
Location: Angkor, Siem Reap Province
Spread Area : Total area 8 km ,In size 2.3km
Year of Construction : 12th century (ruled 1113 – c. 1150)
Built By : King Suryavarman II

Angkor is one of the most important archaeological sites in South-East Asia. It contains the magnificent of the different capitals of the Khmer Empire, from the 9th to the 15th centuries.Angkor Archaeological Park, located in northern Cambodia, in South-East Asia. Angkor Archaeological Park was declared a UNESCO World Heritage site in 1992.

3th  Top Historical Place - 'The Great Wall of China'

3. The Great Wall Of China

Significance: First Wonders of the World 
Location : China
Spread Area : 8,851.8 km (5,500.3 mi)
Other dimensions :
--Actual wall: 6,259.6 km (3,889.5 mi)
--Trenches: 359.7 km (223.5 mi)
--Natural barriers: 2,232.5 km (1,387.2 mi)
Year of Construction : 5th century BC
Built By : Qin Shi Huangdi

The Great Wall of China was built mainly during the three dynasties – Qin Dynasty (221 B.C to 206 B.C), Han Dynasty (206 B.C.–220 A.D ) and Ming Dynasty (1368 A.D - 1644 A.D).
According to new servey the walls measure 8,851.8 km (5,500.3 mi).This is made up of 6,259.6 km (3,889.5 mi) sections of actual wall, 359.7 km (223.5 mi) of trenches and 2,232.5 km (1,387.2 mi) of natural defensive barriers such as hills and rivers.This is most visited historical place of the world.


2th  Top Historical Place - 'The Great Pyramid of Giza – Egypt'

2. The Great Pyramid of Giza

Significance: Oldest of the Seven Wonders of the World 
Location :Giza
Spread Area :Height -146.5 metres (481 ft),Base 230.4 metres (756 ft)
Year of Construction : c. 2540-2560 BC
Other Name : the Pyramid of Khufu and the Pyramid of Cheops
Ancient Name : Khufu's Horizon

The Pyramids of Giza are over 4500 years old. They were built as the burial places for Khufu, Khfare, and Menkaure, three Pharaohs during the Old Kingdom.The angle of incline was decreased from 54º 31' 13'' to 43º 21'.
The Great Pyramid consists of an estimated 2.3 million limestone blocks with most believed to have been transported from nearby quarries. The Tura limestone used for the casing was quarried across the river. The largest granite stones in the pyramid, found in the "King's" chamber, weigh 25 to 80 tonnes and were transported from Aswan, more than 500 miles away. Traditionally, ancient Egyptians cut stone blocks by hammering wooden wedges into the stone which were then soaked with water. As the water was absorbed, he wedges expanded, causing the rock to crack. Once they were cut, they were carried by boat either up or down the Nile River to the pyramid. It is estimated that 5.5 million tons of limestone, 8,000 tons of granite (imported from Aswan), and 500,000 tons of mortar were used in the construction of the Great Pyramid.
An estimated 20,000 to 30,000 workers built the Pyramids at Giza over 80 years. Much of the work probably happened while the River Nile was flooded.



1th  Top Historical Place - 'Machu Picchu – Peru'

1. Machu Picchu
Significance: Fourth Wonders of the World 
Location :Cusco Region of Peru, South America
Spread Area : In 1981 Peru declared an area of 325.92 square kilometers surrounding Machu Picchu as a "Historical Sanctuary"
Year of Construction :Pre-Columbian 15th century
Site : located 2,430 metres (7,970 ft) above sea level
Visitation : 660,000 people

Machu Picchu was built around 1450, at the height of the Inca Empire.It was abandoned just over 100 years later, in 1572, as a belated result of the Spanish Conquest.This fascinating city lies on top of a mountain that’s only accessible by train or 4-day trek. It was an important cultural center for the Inca civilization, but was abandoned when the Spanish came. It is famously referred to as the “Lost City of the Incas.” The location was made a UNESCO World Heritage site in 1983. It was also named one of the New Seven Wonders of the World in 2007.   

2 comments:

  1. I have visited some visited some of these places. how to start a descriptive essay This year I would like to visit Prasat Angkor Wat. I would call it must-visit place.

    ReplyDelete